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American Water Spaniel Appearance
Weighing 25 to 45 pounds (11-20 kg) and standing 15 to 18 inches (36-46 cm) in height, American Water Spaniel Dogs have a curly to marcel coat that is dense and well-suited to resist cold water and inclement weather. The American Water Spaniel coat's color is liver, brown, or chocolate. The American Water Spaniel (AWS) should have a rocker-shaped tail and be somewhat compact in size with well-proportioned features that give the dog an air of balance. Its head should be broad and spaniel-like with no topknot.
The American Water Spaniel originated around the mid-1800s but its true origin is a mystery. Most experts have come to accept that the American Water Spaniel was likely developed in the Fox River and Wolf River valleys of Wisconsin. There is no documentation as to the specific American Water Spaniel breeds that were used to develop the AWS. Doc Pfeifer, the man credited with obtaining recognition for the breed in the 1920s, believed that the American Water Spaniel was developed by crossing extinct English Water Spaniel and the Field Spaniel. Others have disputed this claim and it is currently accepted that the American Water Spaniel breeds involved in the development of the American Water Spaniel include the English Water Spaniel, Field Spaniel, Curly Coated Retriever, Irish Water Spaniel, and possibly the Chesapeake Bay Retriever.
American Water Spaniel History
The American Water Spaniel was developed as a hunting dog in the market hunting days of America's history. Hunters needed a dog that could function on land as well as in the marsh and that could easily fit into a canoe or skiff without taking up much room. The AWS fit the bill and most breed historians note that Midwest market hunters made wide use of this dog. The AWS was not formally recognized as a purebred dog until the United Kennel Club did so in 1920, followed by the Field Dog Stud Book in 1938, and finally by the American Kennel Club in 1940.
Having reached its peak of popularity probably sometime in the 1920s and 1930s, the American Water Spaniel has become the "Forgotten American" at many times in its history. Still, with the tenacity of spirit that exemplifies this little brown dog, the American Water Spaniel enthusiasts have managed to maintain a reasonable population that is not likely to disappear from the scene any time soon.